PharmaState Is Official Media Partner For DUPHAT 2022. Click the banner to explore more...spot_imgspot_imgspot_img

Dealing With Industrial Emergency Conditions-Safety Guidelines


  • This covers basic steps to handle emergencies in the workplace.
  • These emergencies include accidental releases of toxic gases, chemical spills, fires, explosions, and bodily harm and trauma caused by workplace violence.
  1. Planning : The plan must include, as a minimum, the following elements ;
  • Emergency Exit procedures
  • Procedures to be followed by employees for critical plant operations (or shut down)
  • Procedures to account for all employees after completion of emergency evacuation
  • Rescue and medical duties
  • Reporting of fires and other emergencies situations
  • Accountable persons or departments to be contacted for further information or explanation of duties under the plan.
  • Emergency Response Teams: There may be one or several teams trained in the following areas, depending on the size of the plant.
  • Shutdown procedures.
  • Evacuation procedures.
  • Trauma counseling.
  • Use of self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA).
  • Emergency rescue procedures.
  • Use of various types of fire extinguishers.
  • Fire fighting.
  • Chemical spillage control procedures.
  • First aid, including cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).

The duties of the Emergency Response Team Coordinator should include the following but not limited to :

  • Directing all efforts in the area including evacuating personnel.
  • Directing the shutdown of plant operations when necessary.
  • Ensuring that outside emergency services such as medical aid and local fire departments are called in when necessary

3. Personal Protective Equipments (PPEs):  All employees must be adequately protected in these situations. Some of the safety equipment that may be used includes:

  • Whole body coverings chemical suits, gloves, hoods, and boots for body protection from chemicals.
  • Body protection for abnormal environmental conditions such as extreme temperatures
  • Safety Shoes
  • Safety glasses, goggles, or face shields for eye protection.

4. Training: Training must be conducted initially, during induction and at least annually.

  • Every employee needs to know details of the emergency action plan, including evacuation plans, alarm systems, reporting procedures for personnel, shutdown procedures, and types of potential emergencies.
  • Drills should be held at random intervals, at least annually.

5. Medical Assistance :

  • On-site trained in first aid, have medical personnel readily available for advice and consultation.
  • There must be written emergency medical procedures.
  • First aid supplies are available to the trained medical personnel.
  • Emergency phone numbers are placed in easily accessible places.
  • Ambulance services should be always available for any emergency.

6. General Requirements :

  • Alarms must be there & they are audible or seen by all people in the plant and have an auxiliary power supply in the event electricity is affected.
  • There must be assembly points where employees can gather in case of emergency.
  • Emergency phone numbers should be posted on or near telephones.
  • Key personnel list must be displayed in order of priority.
  • It may be necessary to notify other key personnel such as the plant manager or physician during off-duty hours.
  • Management must ensure that each employee knows emergency plan and what action is to be taken in that situation.
  • Emergency communications equipments must be present for notifying employees of the emergency and for contacting local authorities such as fire department.

Reference: General Industry – Safety Manual

PharmaState Blog
This is a platform for people working in the pharmaceuticals industry for Discussions, Jobs, News updates, Professional Profile display space and company business pages. PharmaState DNA is having four pillars: Quality, Transparency, Innovation & Benchmarks.

Share this article

Recent posts

Popular categories

Leave a Reply

Recent comments

Business Alnavedic on History of Indian Pharma Industry
Ahmed Mohamed Elkhodragy on MACO Calculation
Khalid on IQ Protocol
Khalid on IQ Protocol
Nagabooshanam on Calibration of Reactor
PharmaState Blog on SOP for Sampling
%d bloggers like this: