What is PPE?
- PPE can include items such as safety helmets, gloves, eye protection, hazmat suits, high-visibility clothing, safety footwear, safety harnesses, ear plugs, ear defenders and respiratory protective equipment (RPE).
- In appropriate situations disposable PPE may be provided; e.g. single-use coveralls.
Why is PPE important?
- PPE protects only the person using it, whereas measures controlling the risk at source can protect everyone at the workplace;
- Theoretical maximum levels of protection are seldom achieved using PPE, and the real level of protection is difficult to assess (due to factors such as poor fit, or failure to wear it when required). Effective protection can only be achieved by equipment which is correctly fitted, maintained and properly used at all times;
- PPE may restrict the wearer by limiting mobility, visibility or by requiring additional weight to be carried.
- Use of PPE may alter employees’ perception of the hazards they are dealing with.
Responsibility of Employees:
Take care of PPEs.
Correctly use any PPE provided as directed and in accordance with any training, instructions or information they have received;
Return PPE to its storage place after use unless agreed otherwise with the employer;
Responsibility of Employers:
- Carry out a risk assessment of the workplaces and work activities they are responsible for and through implementation of the risk assessment findings eliminate or reduce the risk of the identified hazards
- Provide PPE where other means fail to reduce the risk presented by hazards in the workplace to an acceptable level;
- Carry out an assessment to identify the most appropriate types of PPE for use in the workplace.
Where PPE is required it must:
- Be appropriate for the risks and for the working environment;
- Take account of the user’s health, ergonomic, physical and other factors adequately control the risk presented by the hazard
- Where reasonably practicable provide a range of PPE to allow workers to choose the equipment that best suits their working environment and routines, but always ensure that the alternatives made available provide the level of protection required;
- Provide training, instruction or information, including refresher training and demonstrations, as appropriate in the use and care of the PPE provided;
- Ensure face fit testing is undertaken for close fitting respiratory protective equipment;
- Establish a system of recording the issue of PPE and of monitoring, examination and repair for PPE and to allow for the reporting of missing or lost items.
Different Types of PPEs :
- Head Protection: For prevention of head injuries resulting from falling objects, striking of head against objects, following PPEs are used.
- Hard hats
- Bump Caps
2. Hand Protection: Chemically protective gloves are one of the most important tools to minimize dermal exposures to chemicals in research laboratories.
- Work gloves
- Gloves For Chemical Hazard
- Gloves For Mechanical Hazard
- Specialist Hand Protection
- Gloves For Thermal Hazard
3. Eye and Face Protection: Eye protection is achieved by wearing eye-wear specifically designed to reduce the risk of exposure to chemical splashes, laser radiation and/or flying debris.
- Safety glasses
- Eye shields
- Over specs
- Eye wear accessories
- Face shields
- Safety goggles
4. Breathing Apparatus : A self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) sometimes referred to as a compressed air breathing apparatus(CABA), or simply breathing apparatus (BA), is a device worn by rescue workers, firefighters, and others to provide breathable air in an immediately dangerous to life or health atmosphere.
- Escape sets
- Working sets
5. Protective Clothing: For body protection protective clothing is required.
- Hi-visibility clothing
- FE clothing
- Weather wear
- Work wear
6. Foot Protection: Wear safety shoes when working in company premises & Gum boot when chemical might expose directly to foot / leg.
- Safety footwear
- Food Industry Footwear
- ESD Footwear
7. Hearing Protection (Covered by Specific Regulations): Workers whose eight-hour time-weighted average noise exposure exceeds the 85 dBA, Action Level will be enrolled in the UC Merced Hearing Conservation Program. These individuals will receive annual audiometric testing, will have hearing protectors made available to them by their supervisors, and will be provided training on the fitting, use and care of these devices.
- Ear defenders
- Ear plugs
- Communications sets
- Noise meters
- Acoustic foam
8. Respiratory Protection (Covered by Specific Regulations): Respiratory protective equipment is only used as a “last line of defense,” and as a result, requires individual assessment and training by EHS personnel. Proper fitting and use is key to respirator efficacy.
- Filter respirators
- Lightweight respirators
- Powered respirators
9. Fall Management Equipment: Such PPE is specialized and requires thorough training by competent persons.
- Safety harnesses
- Fall arresters
- Elbow and wrist supports
- Back support
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